Let’s start with: Fumigation occurs when an inorganic gas called sulfuryl fluoride (originally marketed under the name Vikane®) is pumped into an enclosed, sealed space stuffed with your household items. In a controlled environment, the gas replaces the oxygen, and penetrates into bed bugs and their eggs which suffocate and die. Used by qualified professionals, Vikane® bed bugs—from just a few pieces of furniture, bedding or other household goods, to an entire home or building with its contents in place.
Depending on size of the structure, container or vehicle being fumigated, the treatment times can range from several hours (generally from 18-48 hours total treatment time). Once released with outside air the Vikane quickly breaks down to its naturally- occurring ingredients and floats harmlessly away.